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Jamal Ratchford

Jamal’s teaching and research focus is on Africana studies, African American history, United States history, gender, and sports and popular culture. He currently is revising a book manuscript titled “Raise Your Black Fists: Race, Track and Field, and Protest in the 20th Century.” He asserts that athletics was one of the first integrated social fields in U.S. history. Despite opportunities for integrated competition in track and field, black athletes confronted racial injustices under conditions officially framed as integrationist and racially equal. Thus, he analyzes protest against the paradoxes of “discriminative integration” in American sport and society.

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